So let’s just get down to it…the menstrual cycle is a natural process that happens to people who have a uterus. Although many times we just think of it as our monthly, the real reason for the menstrual cycle is the body's way of preparing for a possible pregnancy. The cycle usually lasts around 28 days, but it can vary between individuals.
The menstrual cycle begins on the first day of a period, which is when the uterus sheds its lining. This bleeding can last anywhere from 3 to 7 days. After the period ends, the body begins to prepare for a possible pregnancy by building up the lining of the uterus again.
Around day 14 of the cycle, an egg is released from one of the ovaries. This process is called ovulation. If the egg is fertilized by sperm, it can implant in the lining of the uterus and a pregnancy can occur. If the egg is not fertilized, it will dissolve and the lining of the uterus will be shed again, resulting in another period.
What regulates all of these amazing things to happen? Hormones. The menstrual cycle is regulated by hormones, primarily estrogen and progesterone. These hormones work together to control the growth and shedding of the lining of the uterus, as well as the release of the egg during ovulation.
Understanding your menstrual cycle is important for maintaining reproductive health. By tracking your cycle, you can better understand what is normal for your body and identify any changes or irregularities that may require medical attention. It can also help you plan for pregnancy or avoid it if desired.